From the Almighty to the apostolate. Dictionary of theological terms. Part II

Wychodząc naprzeciw potrzebom niektórych z moich uczniów umieszczam fragmenty słownika terminów teologicznych w języku angielskim. Ufam, że się przydadzą.

Almighty, the (Heb. shaddai, Gr. pantokratōr) 

Designation for God as unlimited and as the all-powerful sovereign Lord of all.

anagogical sense of Scripture 

The interpretation of Scripture according to anagoge (Gr. anagōgē, “a leading up”), which saw scriptural passages as having a mystical, moral, or spiritual application beyond the literal interpretation. One of the four medieval senses of Scripture, associated with Peter Lombard (1100–1160) and Thomas Aquinas (1225–74). 

anagogy (Gr. anagō, “to lift up”) 

A “sense of Scripture,” extending back to Origen (c. 185–254), who believed a deeper reading of the biblical text could “lift up” the spiritual eyes of readers. One of the four medieval senses of Scripture focusing on the eschatological or heavenly spiritual meaning.

analogy (Gr. analogos, “proportionate”) 

The use of likeness or proportionateness to relate one known thing to another that is unknown. Thomas Aquinas (1225–74) used analogy to indicate how the same qualities could be ascribed to God (who is infinite) and humans (who are finite).

Anaphora (Gr. and Lat. “offering, sacrifice”) 

A division of ancient Christian liturgies that included the Triumphal Hymn (Trisagion); Formula of Consecration; Lord’s Prayer; the Communion. Used liturgically to describe the eucharistic prayer or prayer of consecration of the elements used in the Eucharist. See also Trisagion.

Trisagion (Gr. “thrice holy”)

A liturgical response, “Holy God, Holy mighty, Holy immortal, have mercy on us,” used in ancient liturgies, particularly in Eastern churches. It is seen as a blend of the Sanctus (“Holy, Holy, Holy,” Isa. 6:3) and part of Ps. 41:4.


A prayer or devotion commemorating the announcement by the angel Gabriel to Mary that she would bear a son who would be the “Son of God” (Luke 1:26–38). In Roman Catholic devotional practice it is recited at 6 a.m., noon, and 6 p.m. The Latin begins: Angelus Domini nuntiavit Mariae.

annulment (Lat. nullus, “none”)

Official ecclesiastical declaration that a contract (usually of marriage) is invalid.

antiphon (Gr. antiphonos, “responsive”) 

A short chant sung in connection with a psalm in worship, or the psalmody where two sides of a choir respond alternately to each other. 


Christian One who advocates for the Christian message. The term was applied to 2nd- and 3rd-century theologians who defended the Christian faith in the Greek world. 

apology (Gr. apologia, “speaking in defense of,” “justification”) 

A reasoned defense of a particular view.

Apostles’ Creed 

Early (probably 8th century) summary of Christian belief with three articles devoted to God, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit and traditionally ascribed to the twelve apostles. Arising from the 2nd-century Roman Creed, it was probably recited at baptism. It is the major creed used in Western churches. See also creed. 

apostolate (Lat. apostolatus, “apostleship”) 

The office, mission, or actions of an apostle, particularly the apostles of Jesus. In the Roman Catholic tradition, ordination is seen as the means by which members of the church hierarchy enter into the apostolate.

McKim, Donald K.. The Westminster Dictionary of Theological Terms, Second Edition (p. 17-18). Presbyterian Publishing Corporation. Kindle Edition. 

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